September 25, 2010

EARLY REACTION CONTINGENCY PLANNING—PRINCIPLES AND STRATEGIES

Early reaction is to carry out without delay the disease control activities needed to contain the outbreak and then to eliminate the disease and infection in the shortest possible time frame and in the most cost-effective way, or at least to return to the status quo that existed previously and to provide objective, scientific evidence that one of these objectives has been achieved.
It is far too late to leave the planning of an emergency disease eradication or control programme to the time when a disease outbreak has actually occurred. There will then be intense political pressure and pressure from livestock farmer groups for immediate action. In such a climate mistakes will be made, resources misused, deficiencies rapidly highlighted, and there will be unavoidable delays resulting in further disease spread and higher costs-unless there has been adequate forward planning and preparation.
This chapter first highlights the importance of effective quarantine services for the prevention of exotic animal diseases. It then describes the principles and strategies of epidemic livestock disease control and eradication that need to be taken into account in the preparation of early reaction contingency plans. 

Early reaction contingency planning—principles and strategies